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Atomic Energy Regulatory Board
Niyamak Bhavan,
Anushakti Nagar,
Mumbai - 400094,India
Phone: +91-22-25990100,
Fax:+91-22-25583230
Email:webmaster@aerb.gov.in

 

AERB Safety Research Institute
SAFETY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
KALPAKKAM

Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has been mandated to review, enforce standards and authorize from safety angle siting, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear and radiation facilities. To carry out these functions effectively, AERB is required to equip itself with sound technical infrastructure and build up a wide knowledge base. AERB's technical independence from the operating units would be best achieved by AERB's own strong research capability in safety related fields. To achieve this objective and to build a unique research base in specific areas pertinent to regulatory functions, AERB has setup the Safety Research Institute (SRI) at IGCAR campus at Kalpakkam under the initiative of Prof. P. Rama Rao, the then Chairman, AERB.

The foundation stone for the institute was laid on February 20, 1999 by Dr. R. Chidambaram, the then Chairman, AEC during the IX Five Year Plan period with P. Rodriguez as first Director of the Institute.

Research areas undertaken in SRI are specifically chosen in a way to complement the ongoing R&D activities at various other DAE units. The institute, by virtue of its being located within IGCAR campus, provides added advantages to SRI personnel with access to various state-of-art laboratories, library facilities, interaction with large pool of scientists & engineers etc.

The domains of scientific activities at SRI ranges from Light Water and Fast Reactor Physics, Radiation Shielding & Transport and Criticality Computations, Reliability and Probabilistic Safety Assessment, Structural and Seismic Studies, Remote Sensing and GIS Applications, Fire Safety, Thermal Hydraulic Studies, Safety Assessment of NSDF, establishing a depository of Computer Codes etc.

 
PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITIES
 
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT IN AREAS OF REGULATORY INTEREST
 
Nuclear & Reactor Safety Studies
  • Reactor Physics Studies
  • Seismic Studies
  • Database Creation in Component Failure Rate
  • Consequence analysis and Atmospheric dispersion modeling
  • Reliability Analysis of safety systems of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Development of methodology for Passive system reliability, software reliability and human reliability

 

Radiation Safety Studies
  • Generic Issues
  • Radiation Streaming Studies
  • Bulk Shielding Studies
  • Radiation Dosimetry

 

Engineering Safety Studies
  • Nuclear Plant Thermal Hydraulics
  • Hydrogen dispersion modeling and management
  • Fire safety
  • Component safety and Structural reliability analysis

 

Environmental Safety Studies
  • Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (RS-GIS) Applications
    • Demonstration, design and organization of digital database and information system to carry out Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
    • Development of digital database for sites of nuclear facilities.
    • Emergency Preparedness Plans for Tsunamis and Disaster Management at Nuclear Installations
    • Development of Simulation tools to predict flood inundation patterns and their validation.
  • Sea Surface temperature studies around nuclear facilities

 

Responsibilities of SRI also include:
  • To develop models, methodologies and knowledge base required for quantitative assessment of risk associated with the operation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
  • To generate/collect data for safety assessment.
  • To provide a technical forum for joint research among power plant personnel, research groups and regulatory functionaries in safety related areas.
  • To organize regular programmes of technical meetings and training courses for different target groups on a variety of topics for enhancement of safety performance.

 

Laboratories at SRI
SRI has following laboratories with state-of-art facilities:
Physics Laboratory:
Instruments available: NaI & HPGe based gamma spectrometers, TLD reader, neutron spectrometer and radiation monitors.
Capabilities:
  • Neutron and gamma spectroscopic & dose rate measurements
  • Dose rate measurements using Thermoluminescence
  • Environmental sample counting for natural radioactivity
  • Radiation shielding analysis
  • Monte Carlo simulations for radiation shielding and medical physics applications
  • High energy dosimetry
Chemistry Laboratory:
  • Ion Chromatographic system: Analysis of trace quantities of anions and cations
  • Atomic Absorption Spectrometer: Determination of different cations
  • UV-Visible Spectrophotometer: Determination of various optically active compounds
  • Photoreactor: Degradation of organic pollutants using green technologies
Remote Sensing & GIS Laboratory:
  • High resolution topographic data for select areas of interest to AERB
  • High resolution satellite data for DAE sites (Digital aerial photo, world view, quickbird, IKONOS, cartosat, IRS-PS)
  • Geology maps published by GIS for important sites
  • Soil maps
  • Image processing, GIS and photogrammetric software
A full-fledged SRI Guesthouse (that can accommodate about sixty guests) has been established in Anupuram Township with a Seminar Hall, a Conference Room and a Multimedia Room which facilitates organizing workshops/ seminars/theme meetings, etc.