Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has
been mandated to review, enforce standards and authorize from
safety angle siting, construction, commissioning, operation and
decommissioning of nuclear and radiation facilities. To carry out
these functions effectively, AERB is required to equip itself
with sound technical infrastructure and build up a wide knowledge
base. AERB's technical independence from the operating units
would be best achieved by AERB's own strong research capability
in safety related fields. To achieve this objective and to build
a unique research base in specific areas pertinent to regulatory
functions, AERB has setup the Safety Research Institute (SRI) at
IGCAR campus at Kalpakkam under the initiative of Prof. P. Rama
Rao, the then Chairman, AERB.
The foundation stone for the institute was
laid on February 20, 1999 by Dr. R. Chidambaram, the then
Chairman, AEC during the IX Five Year Plan period with P.
Rodriguez as first Director of the Institute.
Research areas undertaken in SRI are
specifically chosen in a way to complement the ongoing R&D
activities at various other DAE units. The institute, by virtue
of its being located within IGCAR campus, provides added
advantages to SRI personnel with access to various state-of-art
laboratories, library facilities, interaction with large pool of
scientists & engineers etc.
The domains of scientific activities at SRI
ranges from Light Water and Fast Reactor Physics, Radiation
Shielding & Transport and Criticality Computations, Reliability
and Probabilistic Safety Assessment, Structural and Seismic
Studies, Remote Sensing and GIS Applications, Fire Safety,
Thermal Hydraulic Studies, Safety Assessment of NSDF,
establishing a depository of Computer Codes etc.
|RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT IN AREAS OF
|Nuclear & Reactor
- Reactor Physics Studies
- Seismic Studies
- Database Creation in Component Failure Rate
- Consequence analysis and Atmospheric dispersion modeling
- Reliability Analysis of safety systems of Nuclear Power
- Development of methodology for Passive system
reliability, software reliability and human reliability
|Radiation Safety Studies
- Generic Issues
- Radiation Streaming Studies
- Bulk Shielding Studies
- Radiation Dosimetry
- Nuclear Plant Thermal Hydraulics
- Hydrogen dispersion modeling and management
- Fire safety
- Component safety and Structural reliability analysis
- Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System
- Demonstration, design and organization of digital
database and information system to carry out Environmental
Impact Assessment (EIA).
- Development of digital database for sites of nuclear
- Emergency Preparedness Plans for Tsunamis and Disaster
Management at Nuclear Installations
- Development of Simulation tools to predict flood
inundation patterns and their validation.
- Sea Surface temperature studies around nuclear
|Responsibilities of SRI
- To develop models, methodologies and knowledge base
required for quantitative assessment of risk associated with the
operation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
- To generate/collect data for safety assessment.
- To provide a technical forum for joint research among
power plant personnel, research groups and regulatory
functionaries in safety related areas.
- To organize regular programmes of technical meetings and
training courses for different target groups on a variety of
topics for enhancement of safety performance.
|SRI has following laboratories with state-of-art
|Instruments available: NaI & HPGe based gamma
spectrometers, TLD reader, neutron spectrometer and radiation
- Neutron and gamma spectroscopic & dose rate measurements
- Dose rate measurements using Thermoluminescence
- Environmental sample counting for natural radioactivity
- Radiation shielding analysis
- Monte Carlo simulations for radiation shielding and
medical physics applications
- High energy dosimetry
- Ion Chromatographic system: Analysis of trace quantities
of anions and cations
- Atomic Absorption Spectrometer: Determination of
- UV-Visible Spectrophotometer: Determination of various
optically active compounds
- Photoreactor: Degradation of organic pollutants using
|Remote Sensing & GIS Laboratory:
- High resolution topographic data for select areas of
interest to AERB
- High resolution satellite data for DAE sites (Digital
aerial photo, world view, quickbird, IKONOS, cartosat, IRS-PS)
- Geology maps published by GIS for important sites
- Soil maps
- Image processing, GIS and photogrammetric software
|A full-fledged SRI Guesthouse (that can accommodate about
sixty guests) has been established in Anupuram Township with a
Seminar Hall, a Conference Room and a Multimedia Room which
facilitates organizing workshops/ seminars/theme meetings, etc.