The mission of the AERB is to ensure the use of ionising radiation and nuclear energy in India does not cause undue risk to the health of people and the environment.

Public Awareness

To improve the public perception of safe use of atomic energy and radiation for peaceful and beneficial purpose it is necessary to convey the right information to public. DAE has already such a programme active both in print media and on electronic media. However, to create awareness on AERB’s role towards safety in using nuclear and radiation applications safely in this country it has decided to carry out a public awareness programme, organize and also participate in such programmes organized by others. It has also decided to make knowledgebase available on this website for visitors seeking information on how safe use of atomic energy and radiation is ensured without harming human being and the environment.

To understand what is meant by the safe use of radiation, we have to first know what radiation is.

What is Radiation?

Radiation is energy in motion. The simplest and well known example of radiation is light either from sun or an object on fire. We all know when the intensity of this light is higher (e.g., in summer) it has a potential to cause harm. When it is lower than a certain limit it is soothing and harmless. But during winter, we use fire to heat ourselves using radiation emanating from it because intensity of light (radiation) from sun becomes less. Therefore radiation is similar to a drug that when taken in a right dose has more benefit than harm caused by it whereas an overdose may even cause death.

Radiation can be either ionizing or non-ionizing in nature. Non-Ionizing radiation is the kind of radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron (ionize) from an atom (e.g., radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, lasers, ultraviolet light, radar etc.), whereas ionizing radiation is the radiation that has sufficient energy to eject electrons from atoms i.e., ionize atoms (e.g., alpha particles, beta particles, neutrons, gamma rays, and x-rays etc.). Characteristics and types of electromagnetic radiation are shown in the below Figure.


What is background radiation and how much radiation can one get through application of radiation?
What role does AERB play in ensuring safety?
What are in AERB’s purview?
How are the information on nuclear safety and radiation protection disseminated to public?

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Atomic Energy Regulatory Board

Niyamak Bhavan, Anushaktinagar

Mumbai-400094 India

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9.15 Hrs to 17.45 Hrs - Monday to Friday

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