Radiation is used in medicine, industry
and research apart from its use for production of electricity.
Use of radiation in research includes medical, agricultural,
industrial and university research.
The radiation facilities in India may be
broadly classified as Medical, Industrial and Research.
Medical installations include
Diagnostic X-ray facilities, Radiation Therapy facilities and
Nuclear Medicine Centres practicing diagnosis and therapy.
Industrial installations include
Industrial Radiography institutes, Gamma Radiation Processing
facilities, Institutions using Nucleonic Gauges including well
logging devices and manufacturers of Consumer Products.
Research installations include
universities and other research institutes handling a variety
of sealed and unsealed radiation sources and also X-ray
facilities for research purposes.
The regulatory activities relating to
radiation facilities are the following:
- Conducting type approval tests
for radiation devices and packages for transport of
radioactive materials so as to ensure compliance with national
- Issuance of Type approval
Certificate for radiation devices and packages for transport
of radioactive material.
- Issuance of License /
Authorisation to users of radiation sources.
- Issuance of Registration
Certificates to medical X-ray installations.
- Lay out approval of radiation
installation from radiation safety view point.
- Authorisation for
decommissioning of radiation facility and transport of
spent/disused sources for disposal.
- Inspection of radiation
installations, devices and packages containing radioactive
material for compliance assurance.
- Investigation of unusual
occurrences including excessive exposures.
- Preparation of regulatory
documents (e.g., Safety Codes, Standard Specifications and
- Other activities (e.g., Human
Resource Development and R & D)